India is the largest country of the Indian subcontinent located in South Asia. India is the world’s seventh largest geographically, while it is the second largest country after China in terms of population.
Being one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a rich history and culture as well as a strong and age-old scientific and technological tradition, it is no surprise that many important inventions have emerged from India. We are going to tell you 10 great inventions of India, listening to which you too will be proud to be an Indian.
Let’s explore the great inventions of India
One of the greatest and most important contributions to the history of mathematics is zero, which is virtually nothing, but without it, there would be no binary system and no computers. And this number has been given to the world by the great mathematician and astronomer Aryabhatta. Indians were the first to use ‘zero’ as a symbol and in mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, etc.
If you have ever taken Ayurvedic medicine, you have India to thank for it. Charak is called the ‘Father of Ayurveda’. He has mentioned about 340 plant species and about 200 animal species in his book ‘Charak Samhita’. ‘Ayurveda’ means ‘science of life’. It has been practiced in India for more than 5,000 years, and it helps people achieve good health and life without the use of English medicines. This ancient system of medicine has survived into the 21st century and in recent years has gained worldwide popularity as a complementary and alternative medicine.
Chess is also one of the great inventions of India. It is a game of intellectuals, and it originated in the sixth century, during the Gupta period, in the form of Ashtapada. Chaturanga, a wise Shiromani Brahmin, presented this game to the intellectuals of the world in the fifth-sixth century. This game is basically the invention of India, whose ancient name was ‘Chaturanga’ which went from India to Europe via Arabia and then became popular and famous all over the world in 15/16th century.
Yoga is an important contribution in the field of healthy living. India has introduced the world to yoga. Yoga is practiced in our country since ancient times, which originated from the first Yoga Guru Lord Shiva. Today, people all over the world practice this spiritual, physical, and mental exercise on a daily basis to stay healthy. Moreover, the world celebrates ‘International Yoga Day’ on the 21st of June every year, and the person responsible for this day is none other than the Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi.
Yes, you have India to thank for shampoo, which was invented in 1762 in the eastern parts of the Mughal Empire and used as a ‘head massage’, which included natural oils and herbs. The English word ‘shampoo’ is derived from the Hindi word ‘champo’, which in turn comes from the Sanskrit word ‘chapayati’, which means to massage or knead. Used to be done. In India, the shampoo used was made of a mixture of boiled reetha, amla, hibiscus, shikakai and other hair-friendly herbs, which was used on the scalp to keep hair healthy and clean.
6. WIRELESS COMMUNICATION
This invention revolutionized the way we talk. Historians credit Guglielmo Marconi with the invention of radio communication. While Jagadish Chandra Bose was actually the first person to publicly demonstrate the use of radio waves for communication in 1895.
Just two years later, Marconi gave a similar demo in England. In other words, Jagdish Chandra Bose invented wireless communication technology. This invention helped people to communicate quickly and transmit information over long distances without the need for electrical wires or cables.
Historians believe that plastic surgery was being performed in India since 2000 BC. The ancient Indian physician Sushruta, who is credited with being the father of plastic surgery around 600 BCE, whose books and teachings eventually reached Europe and other countries centuries later.
Sushruta documented the causes of over 1,100 diseases, the use of hundreds of medicinal plants, and instructions for performing several surgical procedures, including three types of skin grafts and nasal reconstruction
Ajay V Bhatt invented USB, and many inventions are associated with his name, USB is a plug-and-play interface that helps connect computers to other devices. Devices that connect to USB cover a wide range; Anything from keyboard and mouse to music players and flash drives.
9. NATURAL FIBRES
Goods made of natural fibers like jute, cotton, and wool originated from India only. The finest wool – cashmere wool – comes from the Kashmir region of India and is used to make woolen shawls.
India also played an excellent role in the cultivation of jute and cotton. The inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization grew cotton during the 4th millennium BCE and spun the cotton into yarn, which was later used in clothing. Also, since ancient times, India has been growing jute and exporting raw jute to the West.
You would be surprised to know that the button originated from India only. Yes, it’s true! Buttons originated in the Indus Valley Civilization in 2000 BCE. About 5,000 years ago, they were made from seashells with tiny holes drilled into them. In the past, they were used for decorative purposes, but gradually, people started using them to fasten clothes.